Video Course: Use Instructional Scaffolding to Improve Learner Outcomes

Anne Williams

Instructional scaffolding is used to help students understand important ideas, make connections between concepts, learn new practical skills, or combine the practical and conceptual into an integrated skill. Instructors can use scaffolding to help move students from where they are now to the next level of skill, knowledge, and ability.

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Anne Williams

Anne Williams is a licensed massage therapist, former esthetician, certified reflexologist, clinical hypnotherapist, registered counselor, aromatherapist, author, and educator. She has worked as a school director of education, massage instructor, CE provider, spa consultant, curriculum specialist, and director of education at Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals (ABMP). She is currently the director of education at Massage Mastery Online. Her publications include Spa Bodywork: A Guide for Massage Therapists (2006) and Massage Mastery: From Student to Professional (2012). Learn more at and

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